Until around the 20th century, the cow was considered sacred (and beef taboo) in Japan, China, and other parts of South East Asia. It was also similarly considered in Ancient Egypt.
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Curry is considered to be one of the national dishes of Japan. It was introduced by the British in the late 19th century, and, until relatively recently, was believed to be a Western dish.
天竺, pronounced Tianzhu in Chinese and Tenjiku in Japanese were the early names for India in China and Japan respectively. They both mean heavenly centre (or spiritual centre in reference to India being the birthplace of Buddhism).