Chandragupta hailed from a family or tribe of peacock (mayura/मयूर in Sanskrit) tamers whence came his practical surname of Maurya.
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The Durand Cup, Indian football's premier football tournament is named after Mortimer Durand, a British civil servant. So is the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, the Durand Line.
The Mow in Kipling's Mowgli rhymes with cow rather than low.
(Phra Nakhon Si) Ayutthaya in Thailand and Yogyakarta in Indonesia are both cities said to have been named after ancient Ayodhya.
In Sanskrit literature and particularly in the Manu Smriti, the region between the Himalayas and the Vindhyas was known as आर्यावर्त (Āryāvarta), the abode of the Aryans.
The Middle English spelling for India was Ynde. The word Indies is derived from this variant.
Dum-dums are bullets which are designed to expand upon impact. They are so called because they were first produced by the British Indian Army at the Dum Dum arsenal in Calcutta.
Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini used Hindi as his pen name when he composed ghazals. His grandfather, Seyyed Ahmad Musavi Hindi, emigrated from India to Khomein in Iran in the 1830s.