The seat of Delaware county in the state of New York, USA, is the town of Delhi. It is named after India's capital city as its founder, an Ebenezer Foote, was nicknamed, "The Great Mogul". Delhi, NY is pronounced "Del-hy" and is also home to a State University of New York or SUNY Delhi.
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Hugh Falconer, a 19th century Scottish palaeontologist, named a species of extinct elephant-like creatures Dinotherium pentapotamiae which, translated from Greek means "terrible beast [of the] five rivers". The pentapotamiae (penta = five, potamiae = rivers) is a translation of Punjab (panj/panch = five, ab = river/water) which is where the fossils were found.
The city of Melbourne in Australia has a suburb named Travancore (anglicisation of Tiruvitāṅkūr) whose streets are also Indian-themed with names such as Lucknow St., Baroda St., Madura St., and Mangalore St.
The name of the gemstone, beryl, probably originates from the Prakrit veruliya and Sanskrit vaidurya- which might be of Dravidian provenance. One theory points its source to the city of Velur (modern Belur, Karnataka). Derivatives such as brilliant and beryllium share these origins.
In the early 90s, the Indian government released specially-raised flesh-eating turtles into the Ganga to eat and clear the river of partly-burned corpses from the Varanasi ghats. The programme failed as poachers captured and wiped out the turtle population (again).
Gondwanaland, the Pangaean supercontinent that existed millions of years ago is named after Gondwana, a region in Central India. Gondwana comes from the Sanskrit goṇḍavana or the forest of the Gonds, a tribe spread across the area.
There is a village in Kerala named Areacode. Its area code is 0483 (for Malappuram).
Travelling about 80kms from Darjeeling and to an altitude of 7200 feet gets you to the cool climes of a hill-station named Lava.
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