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Kim Philby

1990 USSR Stamp (Source: Wikipedia (Kim Philby on a 1990 USSR stamp))

This man, pictured here in a 1990 stamp from the erstwhile USSR, was born Harold Adrian Russell Philby on New Year's Day, 1912 in Ambala, Punjab. Nicknamed "Kim" after the eponymous character in Kipling's book, Kim Philby would later become notorious as a Soviet double agent placed in the upper echelons of British Intelligence (MI6). He defected to the Soviet Union in 1963 and continued to live there until his death in 1988.

Philby was the son of St. John Philby, a prominent member of the Indian Civil Service. His father was a classmate of Jawaharlal Nehru in Cambridge and later became an important advisor of Ibn Saud, the first king of Saudi Arabia. Philby was in India only until the age of 5 when he returned to England with his mother and three sisters. He is still revered as a hero in Russia.

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